What Are The Common Types of Bone Cancer in Children? What Are the Treatments?

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Bone sarcoma, also known as osteosarcoma, is the most frequent type of bone malignancy that occurs in growing bones. Bone tumors can be benign (which is more prevalent) or malignant (which is less common).

Osteosarcoma is a type of bone cancer.Immature bone cells are produced by cancer (malignant) cells (osteoid). Osteosarcoma is the most prevalent type of bone cancer in children and teenagers, despite its rarity. Teenagers and young adults are the most affected. Cancer most commonly develops at the ends of long bones, particularly the bottom of the thigh bone (femur) and the top of the larger shin bone (tibia) (tibia). Another typical location for it to grow is on the top of the upper arm bone (humerus).

What Are The Symptoms And Signs Of Sarcoma Bone Cancer

The size and location of the bone tumor, as well as your child’s age and overall health, all influence the symptoms of bone cancer.

Symptoms in Your Child Could Include:

  • At the site of the tumor, one may experience pain, stiffness, or tenderness.
  • Pain that worsens over time and may radiate from the tumor site
  • Pain that jolts a child waking from a deep slumber
  • The damaged bone is swollen or has a mass around it.
  • Reduced motor abilities, such as walking difficulties or limping
  • Fractures can be caused by weak bones.
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of weight
  • Anemia
  • Back discomfort that radiates out through the arms or legs can be caused by osteosarcomas near the spinal cord.

What Causes A Child’s Osteosarcoma?

The actual reason for this is unknown. Changes in the DNA of the cells may be the cause of cancer. These modifications are rarely passed down from parents to their children. They take place by chance.

Which Children Are Most Likely To Develop Osteosarcoma?

A youngster who has one of several uncommon hereditary cancer syndromes is at an increased risk of developing osteosarcoma. Other tumors that are treated with radiation or chemotherapy increase the risk.

Other Osteosarcoma Risk Factors Include:

  • Between the ages of ten and thirty
  • Tall stature
  • African-American race, male sex
  • Diseases of the bones

Osteosarcoma Comes In A Variety Of Forms, Including:

High-grade- This is cancer that spreads quickly. The majority of children’s osteosarcoma is high-grade. High-grade osteosarcoma is divided into various subtypes.

Intermediate-grade- This is a rare kind. It’s a choice between high- and low-grade materials.

Low-grade- This is cancer that grows slowly.

What Are the Treatments?

Surgery and chemotherapy are frequently used to treat bone sarcoma.

Before surgery, chemotherapy may be used to help decrease the tumor and avoid amputation of an arm or leg. Chemotherapy is also given after surgery to eradicate any leftover cancer cells or to prevent cancer cells from spreading.

Bone cancer surgery is a difficult procedure. When an arm or limb can be salvaged, the surgeon must remove the tumor while preserving the tendons, nerves, and blood arteries nearby. Bone grafts or metal rods are used to repair missing bones. Some metal rods are made to grow with the child and can be lengthened without the need for surgery. The rods include little components that allow them to be lengthened as the children grow.

Because the severity of sarcoma bone cancer in children in Dubai varies greatly, treatment programs at Hope AMC are adapted to the child’s specific needs, and the most up-to-date and successful treatment methods are used. The highly trained team of board-certified specialists evaluates each patient’s situation extensively. Orthopedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, cardiothoracic surgeons, musculoskeletal radiologists, radiation oncologists, medical oncologists, and pathologists make up the medical team, all of whom are experts in the treatment of bone and soft tissue sarcoma in Dubai.

Hope AMC’s Pediatric Oncology staff is specially trained and skilled in treating children and teenagers with cancer in a compassionate, nurturing, and family-friendly setting. The child’s health and treatment choices are thoroughly discussed with the parents following a comprehensive and exact medical assessment. The expert Orthopedic Oncology team at Hope AMC provides highly specialized therapy for Osteosarcoma, despite the fact that it is a fairly rare condition.

Hope Amc Offers Orthopedic Oncology Treatment Options —

  • Online appointment scheduling with Pediatric Orthopedic Oncology doctors is simple and easy.
  • Parents and family members are given a complete treatment plan that is devised and discussed with them.
  • Pediatric bone cancer recovery requires specialized physical therapy programs.
  • Post-operative rehabilitation for children with bone cancer.
  • There are also wellness help and family support programs offered.
  • Medical queries and questions are answered 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

What Types Of Bone Cancers Are Treated At Hope AMC?

Hope AMC’s Orthopedic Oncology section specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of soft tissue and bone malignancies in children of all ages, from infancy to puberty. The following are the most challenging types of malignant bone tumors treated at Hope AMC:

Bone Sarcomas That Have Been Treated Include:

  • Ewing’s Sarcoma and Osteosarcoma (most commonly diagnosed in young children and adolescents)
  • Chondrosarcoma
  • And there are other types of bone sarcomas as well.

Soft Tissue Sarcomas that are treated at Hope AMC:

  • Fibrosarcoma
  • Leiomyosarcoma
  • Myxofibrosarcoma
  • Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor
  • Angiosarcoma
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Epithelioid Sarcoma
  • Synovial Cell Sarcoma
  • Liposarcoma
  • Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans
  • Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma
  • Undifferentiated/Pleomorphic Sarcoma


Cancer of the musculoskeletal system can strike people of any age or gender, and it can spread quickly. Surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy, as well as a combination of therapies, are all options for treating the same. After a thorough and accurate diagnosis of the problem, it is always recommended to begin treatment as soon as possible.

Whether it is about sarcoma bone cancer or simple bone cyst or in Dubai, we can always help your child. Click here to schedule an appointment today.

By admin | April 4, 2022 | Categories: soft tissue sarcoma dubai | Tags:

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