Orthopedic oncology is a subspecialty of medicine that deals with tumors and malignancies of the bones, cartilage, fibrous tissues, muscles, nerve tissues, soft tissues, and arteries. Orthopedic oncologists are orthopedic surgeons who have had additional training and experience in the treatment of cancers and malignancies of the bone, joint, and muscle.
The diagnosis and treatment of malignant illnesses of the musculoskeletal system are the focus of orthopedic oncology. Orthopedic oncologists deal with a variety of cancers, including:
- Primary bone cancers
- Sarcomas of the soft tissues
- Cancers that have spread to the bones, such as breast, colon, or prostate cancers
- Conditions and difficulties that arise as a result of cancer or as a side effect of therapy
What are Benign Bone Tumors?
Benign bone tumors come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Benign tumors are tumors that are not malignant and are usually painless. Bone tumors that are benign may fade away on their own.
Pain in the adjacent joint, a visible lump, swelling, or limited movement in the adjacent joint is all possible symptoms. Observation, minimally invasive surgery, or surgery may be used as treatments.
Benign Bone Tumors Include:
Chondroblastoma– Chondroblastomas are benign bone tumors that originate in cartilage cells. Cartilage is a type of dense connective tissue that can be found all over the body. It can affect people of all ages, although it is more common in children and young adults between 10 to 20 years. Chondroblastomas are aggressive locally, despite the fact that they are not malignant.
Enchondroma– Enchondromas are noncancerous bone tumors that arise from cartilage cells. The hand, humerus, femur, or tibia are the most common sites for enchondromas to develop.
Giant Cell Tumor– A giant cell tumor of the bone (GCT) is a benign (non-cancerous) tumor that rapidly develops and destroys bones. The most typical location for a large cell tumor is near the knee. A GCT necessitates surgical therapy because it is locally aggressive.
What are Malignant Bone Tumors?
Cancer that spreads from another region of the body, such as the breast, thyroid, prostate, kidney, or lung, is the most prevalent cause of bone cancer. Cancers that start in the bone are known as primary malignant bone tumors. The majority of people with primary bone cancer are able to be cured. Patients can be treated with limb-sparing surgery in more than 90% of cases.
Osteosarcoma- Osteosarcomas are cancerous bone tumors that most commonly occur in adolescence. Osteoblasts, the cells that make bones, grow into osteosarcomas.
The most prevalent malignant bone tumors that affect youngsters are osteosarcomas. At the time of diagnosis, the typical age is 15. Boys and girls have similar rates of this tumor until late adolescence when boys are more likely to get it.
Ewing’s sarcoma– Ewing’s sarcoma is a cancerous tumor that mainly affects the pelvis and long bones (arm or thighbone.) It mostly affects kids and teenagers between the ages of 10 and 20. Chemotherapy and surgery advancements have made this a treatable condition that does not require amputation.
Chondrosarcoma- Chondrosarcoma is a bone cancer that causes aberrant cancerous cartilage to form. It frequently affects the limbs, arms, and pelvis. While chemotherapy has not been demonstrated to be useful in the treatment of this kind of cancer, surgical removal of the tumor may result in a cure.
How to Find the Right Orthopedic Oncology Treatment?
Hope AMC’spediatric oncology team is highly trained and experienced in treating children and teenagers in a nurturing and family-friendly setting. The child’s condition and treatment options are thoroughly explained to the parents following a careful and precise medical examination. Despite being a very rare condition, the experienced orthopedic oncology team at Hope AMC provides highly specialized treatment for Osteosarcoma.
We offer treatment for conditions including- various types of Bone Sarcomas, soft tissue sarcomas, benign bone tumors, and benign soft tissue tumors. We also treat cancerous bone tumors like Multiple Myeloma, Metastatic Carcinoma, Lymphoma, etc., and non-cancerous bone and soft tissue tumors, such as – Fibrous Dysplasia, Ganglion Cyst, Baker’s Cyst, and benign bone tumors of the extremities, spine, and pelvis, pathologic fractures, etc.
How to Schedule an Appointment?
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